pg_qualstats 1.0.7

This Release
pg_qualstats 1.0.7
Date
Status
Stable
Latest Testing
pg_qualstats 0.0.2 —
Other Releases
Abstract
An extension collecting statistics about predicates
Released By
rdunklau
License
The PostgreSQL License
Special Files

Extensions

pg_qualstats 1.0.7
An extension collecting statistics about predicates

Documentation

README
pg_qualstats
CONTRIBUTORS
CONTRIBUTORS

README

pg_qualstats

pg_qualstats is a PostgreSQL extension keeping statistics on predicates found in WHERE statements and JOIN clauses.

This is useful if you want to be able to analyze what are the most-often executed quals (predicates) on your database. The powa project makes use of this to provide advances index suggestions.

It also allows you to identify correlated columns, by identifying which columns are most frequently queried together.

The extension works by looking for known patterns in queries. Currently, this includes:

  • Binary OpExpr where at least one side is a column from a table. Whenever possible, the predicate will be swaped so that CONST OP VAR expressions are turned into VAR COMMUTED_OP CONST. AND and OR expression members are counted as separate entries. Ex: WHERE column1 = 2, WHERE column1 = column2, WHERE 3 = column3

  • ScalarArrayOpExpr where the left side is a VAR, and the right side is an array constant. Those will be counted one time per element in the array. Ex: WHERE column1 IN (2, 3) will be counted as 2 occurences for the (column1, '=') operator pair

  • BooleanTest where the expression is a simple boolean column reference Ex: WHERE column1 IS TRUE Please not that clauses like WHERE columns1, WHERE NOT column1 won't be processed by pg_qualstats (yet)

This extension also saves the first query text, as-is, for each distinct queryid executed, with a limit of pg_qualstats.max entries.

Please not that the gathered data are not saved when the PostgreSQL server is restarted.

Installation

  • Compatible with PostgreSQL 9.4 or later
  • Needs postgresql header files
  • sudo make install
  • Add pg_qualstats to the shared preload libraries:

shared_preload_libraries = 'pg_qualstats'

Configuration

The following GUCs can be configured, in postgresql.conf:

  • pg_qualstats.enabled (boolean, default true): whether or not pg_qualstats should be enabled
  • pg_qualstats.track_constants (bolean, default true): whether or not pg_qualstats should keep track of each constant value individually. Disabling this GUC will considerably reduce the number of entries necessary to keep track of predicates.
  • pg_qualstats.max: the maximum number of predicated and query text tracked (defaults to 1000)
  • pg_qualstats.resolve_oids (boolean, default false): whether or not pg_qualstats should resolve oids at query time, or juste store the oids. Enabling this parameter makes the data analysis much more easy, since a connection to the database where the query was executed won't be necessary, but it will eat much more space (624 bytes per entry instead of 176). Additionnaly, this will require some catalog lookups, which aren't free.
  • pg_qualstats.track_pg_catalog (boolean, default false): whether or not pg_qualstats should compute predicates on object in pg_catalog schema.
  • pg_qualstats.sample_rate (double, default -1): the fraction of queries that should be sampled. For example, 0.1 means that only one out of ten queries will be sampled. The default (-1) means automatic, and results in a value of 1 / max_connections, so that statiscally, concurrency issues will be rare.

Usage

  • Create the extension in any database:

CREATE EXTENSION pg_qualstats;

Functions

The extension defines the following functions:

  • pg_qualstats: returns the counts for every qualifier, identified by the expression hash. This hash identifies each expression.

    • userid: oid of the user who executed the query.
    • dbid: oid of the database in which the query has been executed.
    • lrelid, lattnum: oid of the relation and attribute number of the VAR on the left hand side, if any.
    • opno: oid of the operator used in the expression
    • rrelid, rattnum: oid of the relation and attribute number of the VAR on the right hand side, if any.
    • qualid: normalized identifier of the parent "AND" expression, if any. This identifier is computed excluding the constants. This is useful for identifying predicates which are used together.
    • uniquequalid: unique identifier of the parent "AND" expression, if any. This identifier is computed including the constants.
    • qualnodeid: normalized identifier of this simple predicate. This identifier is computed excluding the constants.
    • uniquequalnodeid: unique identifier of this simple predicate. This identifier is computed including the constats.
    • occurences: number of time this predicate has been invoked, ie. number of related query execution.
    • execution_count: number of time this predicate has been executed, ie. number of rows it processed.
    • nbfiltered: number of tuples this predicate discarded.
    • constant_position: location of the constant in the original query string, as reported by the parser.
    • queryid: if pg_stats_statements is installed, the queryid identifying this query, otherwise NULL.
    • constvalue: a string representation of the right-hand side constant, if any, truncated to 80 bytes.
    • eval_type: evaluation type. 'f' for a predicate evaluated after a scan or 'i' for an index predicate.

    Example:

ro=# select * from pg_qualstats; userid │ dbid │ lrelid │ lattnum │ opno │ rrelid │ rattnum │ qualid │ uniquequalid │ qualnodeid │ uniquequalnodeid │ occurences │ execution_count │ nbfiltered │ constant_position │ queryid │ constvalue │ eval_type --------+-------+--------+---------+------+--------+---------+--------+--------------+------------+------------------+------------+-----------------+------------+-------------------+---------+----------------+----------- 10 │ 16384 │ 16385 │ 2 │ 98 │ <NULL> │ <NULL> │ <NULL> │ <NULL> │ 115075651 │ 1858640877 │ 1 │ 100000 │ 99999 │ 29 │ <NULL> │ 'line 1'::text │ f 10 │ 16384 │ 16391 │ 2 │ 98 │ 16385 │ 2 │ <NULL> │ <NULL> │ 497379130 │ 497379130 │ 1 │ 0 │ 0 │ <NULL> │ <NULL> │ │ f

  • pg_qualstats_exemple_queries: return all the stored query texts.
  • pg_qualstats_exemple_query: return the stored query text for the given queryid if any, otherwise NULL.
  • pg_qualstats_names: return all the stored query texts.
  • pg_qualstats_reset: reset the internal counters and forget about every encountered qual.

Views

In addition to that, the extension defines some views on top of the pg_qualstats function:

  • pg_qualstats: filters calls to pg_qualstats() by the current database.
  • pg_qualstats_pretty: performs the appropriate joins to display a readable aggregated form for every attribute from the pg_qualstats view

    Example:

ro=# select * from pg_qualstats_pretty; left_schema | left_table | left_column | operator | right_schema | right_table | right_column | occurences | execution_count | nbfiltered -------------+------------------+-------------+--------------+--------------+-------------+--------------+------------+-----------------+------------ public | pgbench_accounts | aid | pg_catalog.= | | | | 5 | 5000000 | 4999995 public | pgbench_tellers | tid | pg_catalog.= | | | | 10 | 10000000 | 9999990 public | pgbench_branches | bid | pg_catalog.= | | | | 10 | 2000000 | 1999990 public | t1 | id | pg_catalog.= | public | t2 | id_t1 | 1 | 10000 | 9999

  • pg_qualstats_all: sums the counts for each attribute / operator pair, regardless of its position as an operand (LEFT or RIGHT), grouping together attributes used in AND clauses.

    Example: ro=# select * from pg_qualstats_all; dbid | relid | userid | queryid | attnums | opno | qualid | occurences | execution_count | nbfiltered | qualnodeid -------+-------+--------+---------+---------+------+--------+------------+-----------------+------------+------------ 16384 | 16385 | 10 | | {2} | 98 | | 1 | 100000 | 99999 | 115075651 16384 | 16391 | 10 | | {2} | 98 | | 2 | 0 | 0 | 497379130

  • pg_qualstats_indexes: looks up those attributes for which an index doesn't exist with the attribute in first position. It's a very simple and naive search, if you're interested in more advanced missing index detection, look at the powa project.

    Example: ro=# select * from pg_qualstats_indexes; relid | attnames | possible_types | execution_count ------------------+-----------------------------+----------------+----------------- pgbench_accounts | {filler} | {btree,hash} | 5 pgbench_accounts | {bid} | {btree,hash} | 2 pgbench_accounts | {bid,filler} | {btree,hash} | 8 (9 rows)

  • pg_qualstats_by_query: returns only predicates of the form VAR OPERATOR CONSTANT, aggregated by queryid.